Situated: Mountain ranges (Andes) south of Peru

Area: 72.104 Km. squared

Altitude: Cusco is 3400m above sea level

Population: Cusco has 1,093,692 inhabitants

Routes of access:

  • Land: Lima – Arequipa – Cusco 1650 Km.,or  approximately 26 hours by bus 
  • Air: Domestic Flights Lima – Cusco (1 hour) and Arequipa – Cusco (~30 minutes).
  • Train: Regular service Puno – Cusco 384 Km.

Climate

The city has a semidry and cold climate. The maximum temperature is 19.6 C (67.3 F) and the minimum 4.2 C (39.6 F).

The rainy season begins in November and ends in March, when the mountains are covered with lush greenery.

Between June and July, it is common for the climate to be icy and chilly. During the day, the sun can keep the temperatures quite warm, but when the sun sets, Cusco is chilly. Sometimes,  there is an “intense cold” when snow is reported in the surrounding areas. However, snow is rare in Cusco itself. 

Geography

Cusco is surrounded by impressive mountains and fertile valleys. The main rivers around Cusco are the Vilcanota, Saphy, and Tullumayu, which flow into a large river used for agriculture through the South Valley and Sacred Valley.

The temperature varies according to the zone.  Cusco has enormous mountains and vast jungle rainforests full of valleys with different varieties of flora and fauna. Each of these places have their own microclimate, which can change dramatically from one place to the other. During Inca times, these microclimates were utilized to maximize agricultural production. 

The Sacred Valley is approximately 31km away from Cusco, a short trip by car or bus!